Word & Object
Willard Van Orman Quine, 1960

Chapter I. Language and Truth

1. Beginning with ordinary things

2. The objective pull; or, e pluribus unum

3. The interanimation of sentences

4. Ways of learning words

5. Evidence

6. Posits and truth

Chapter II. Translation and Meaning

7. First steps of radical translation

8. Stimulation and stimulus meaning

9. Occasion sentences. Intrusive information

10. Observation sentences

11. Intrasubjective synonymy of occasion sentences

12. Synonymy of terms

13. Translating logical connectives

14. Synonymous and analytical sentences

15. Analytical hypotheses

16. On failure to perceive the indeterminacy

Chapter III. The Ontogenesis of Reference

17. Words and qualities

18. Phonetic norms

19. Divided reference

20. Predication

21. Demonstratives. Attributives

22. Relative terms. Four phases of reference

23. Relative clauses. Indefinite singular terms

24. Identity

25. Abstract terms

Chapter IV. Vagaries of Reference

26. Vagueness

27. Ambiguity of terms

28. Some ambiguities of syntax

29. Ambiguity of scope

30. Referential opacity

31. Opacity and indefinite terms

32. Opacity in certain verbs

Chapter V. Regimentation

33. Aims and claims of regimentation

34. Quantifiers and other operators

35. Variables and referential opacity

36. Time. Confinement of general terms

37. Names reparsed

38. Conciliatory remarks. Elimination of singular terms

39. Definition and the double life

Chapter VI. Flight from Intension

40. Propositions and eternal sentences

41. Modality

42. Propositions as meanings

43. Toward dispensing with intensional objects

44. Other objects for the attitudes

45. The double standard

46. Dispositions and conditionals

47. A framework for theory

Chapter VII. Ontic Decision

48. Nominalism and reality

49. False predilections. Ontic committment

50. Entia non grata

51. Limit myths

52. Geometrical objects

53. The ordered pair as philosophical paradigm

54. Numbers, mind, and body

55. Whither classes?

56. Semantic ascent


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