An Introduction to Linguistics
Stuart C. Poole, 1999

Chapter 1. What Is Language?

1.1 The Significance of Language

1.2 What Is Language?

1.3 The Functions of Language

1.4 What Is a Language?

1.5 The Elements of Language

Chapter 2. Lexis

2.1 What Is a Word?

2.2 Where Do Words Come From?

Chapter 3. Semantics

3.1 The Function of Lexemes

3.2 The Meaning of Meaning

3.3 Semantic Range

3.4 The Definition of Semantic Range

3.5 Collocation and Idiom

3.6 Homonymy and Polysemy

3.7 The Human Element of Meaning

3.8 Pragmatics

3.9 Discourse Analysis

Chapter 4. Phonetics

4.1 The Organs of Speech

4.2 Consonants

4.3 Phonemic Notation

4.4 Vowels

4.5 Sounds in Sequence

Chapter 5. Phonology

5.1 Sound Systems of Languages

5.2 The Phoneme

5.3 Phonological Rules

5.4 The Phonology of English

5.5 The Phonology of Other Languages

5.6 Suprasegmental Features

Chapter 6. Morphology

6.1 The Composition of Words

6.2 Morphemes

6.3 Derivation and Inflection

6.4 Productivity and Word Formation

6.5 Problems of Morphological Analysis

Chapter 7. Syntax

7.1 Syntax as Opposed to Morphology

7.2 Word Classes

7.3 Constituent Structure

7.4 Noam Chomsky

7.5 Syntactic Forms

Chapter 8. Regional Variation

8.1 Variations of Variations

8.2 Horizontal Definition of Dialect

8.3 Vertical Definition of Dialect

8.4 The Nature of Variation

Chapter 9. Social Variation

9.1 The Social Dimension

9.2 The Standard Language

9.3 The Urban Vanguard

9.4 Men and Women

9.5 Power and Solidarity

9.6 Registers and Diglossia

9.7 Taboo and Political Correctness

9.8 Slang

Chapter 10. Historical Linguistics

10.1 The Diachronic Dimension

10.2 How Language Changes

10.3 Why

10.4 When

10.5 Divergence

10.6 Convergence

10.7 Pidgins and Creoles

Chapter 11. The Languages of Western Europe

11.1 The Indo-European Family of Languages

11.2 The Germanic Languages

11.3 The Romance languages

11.4 The Celtic Languages

11.5 Finnish

Chapter 12. Writing Systems

12.1 Communication Across Time and Space

12.2 Morphemic and Phonetic Script

12.3 Chinese Script -- A Morphemic System

12.4 Roman Script -- An Alphabetic System

12.5 Allographs


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