Cognitive Neuroscience
Michael S. Gazzaniga (ed), 2000

Part I. History and Methods of Cognitive Neuroscience

Chapter 1. Life with George: The Birth of Cognitive Neuroscience
Michael S. Gazzaniga

Chapter 2. Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience
Patricia S. Churchland and Terrence J. Sejnowski

Chapter 3. Electrical and Magnetic Brain Recordings: Contributions to Cognitive Neuroscience
Steven A. Hillyard

Chapter 4. Behind the Scenes of Functional Brain Imaging: A Historical and Physiological Perspective
Marcud E. Raichle

Part II. Perception

Chapter 5. Exploration of the Primary Visual Cortex, 1955-78
David H. Hubel

Chapter 6. The Parietal System and Some Higher Brain Functions
Vernon B. Mountcastle

Chapter 7. The Visual Pathways Mediating Perception and Prehension
Melvyn A. Goodale, Lorna S. Jakobson, and Philip Servos

Chapter 8. Neuronal Mechanisms for Forming a Perceptual Decision
C. Daniel Salzman and William T. Newsome

Chapter 9. James J. Gibson -- An Appreciation
Ken Nakayama

Part III. Attention

Chapter 10. Attentional Networks
Michael I. Posner and Stanislas Dehaene

Chapter 11. Attentional Resolution and the Locus of Visual Awareness
Sheng He, Patrick Cavanaugh, and James Intriligator

Chapter 12. Information Processing of Visual Stimuli in an "Extinguished" Field
Bruce T. Volpe, Joseph E. Ledoux, and Michael S. Gazzaniga

Chapter 13. Negative Priming Between Pictures and Words in a Selective Attention Task: Evidence for Semantic Processing of Ignored Stimuli
Steven P. Tipper and Jon Driver

Part IV. Imagery

Chapter 14. Mental Rotation of Three-Dimensional Objects
Roger N. Shepard and Jacqueline Metzler

Chapter 15. Unilateral Neglect of Representational Space
Eduardo Bisiach and Claudio Luzzatti

Chapter 16. Topographical Representations of Mental Images in Primary Visual Cortex
Stephen M. Kosslyn, William L. Thompson, Irene J. Kim, and Nathaniel M. Alpert

Part V. Development and Plasticity

Chapter 17. The Effect of Crossing Nerves to Antagonistic Muscles in the Hind Limb of the Rat
Roger W. Sperry

Chapter 18. Spatial Integration and Cortical Dynamics
Charles D. Gilbert, Aniruddha Das, Minami Ito, Mitesh Kapadia, and Gerald Westheimer

Chapter 19. Cortical Mechanisms of Cognitive Development
Mark H. Johnson

Part VI. Memory

Chapter 20. Loss of Recent Memory After Bilateral Hippocampal Lesions
William Beecher Scoville and Brenda Milner

Chapter 21. Episodic Memory, Semantic Memory, and Amnesia
Larry R. Squire and Stuart M. Zola

Chapter 22. Working Memory: The Interface Between Memory and Cognition
Alan Baddeley

Chapter 23. Understanding Implicit Memory: A Cognitive Neuroscience Approach
Daniel L. Schacter

Part VII. Action and Executive Function

Chapter 24. Cognitive Physiology of the Motor Cortex
Apostolos P. Georgopoulos, Masato Taira, and Alexander Lukashin

Chapter 25. Vision for the Control of Movement
Robert H. Wurtz

Chapter 26. Combining Versus Gating Motor Programs: Differential Roles for the Cerebellum and the Basal Ganglia?
W. T. Thach, J. W. Mink, H. P. Goodkin, and J. G. Keating

The cerebellum is described as a sort of cross-point switch, except that each junction, instead of being only a make-or-break contact, is a weighted term in the summation for each output. The inputs consist of signals (from the basal ganglia via the brainstem) representing each of a number of elementary gestures. The outputs constitute the primary activation signals for
each muscle motor unit of the body .

Agonist/antagonist pairs are controlled partly from the cerebellar level and partly from higher up. There are mutually inhibitory connections within the cerebellum which are coordinated as a kind of braking mechanism used, for example, when initialing a gesture under load. During normal movements, cerebellar activity preceeds musculature EMG by approximately 100 ms.

Chapter 27. Attention to Action: Willed and Autonomic Control of Behavior
Donald A. Norman and Tim Shallice

Chapter 28. Architecture of the Prefrontal Cortex and the Central Executive
Patricia S. Goldman-Rakic

Part VIII. Language

Chapter 29. Category-Specific Naming Deficit Following Cerebral Infarction
John Hart Jr., Rita Sloan Berndt, and Alfonso Caramazza

Chapter 30. Right Hemisphere Language Following Brain Bisection: A 20-Year Perspective
Michael S. Gazzaniga

Chapter 31. Current Thinking on Language Structures
Marta Kutas

Part IX. Evolution

Chapter 32. Why Does the Brain Have So Many Visual Areas?
Jon H. Kaas

Chapter 33. Antibodies and Learning: Selection Versus Instruction
Niels Kaj Jerne

Chapter 34. The Argument from Animals to Humans in Cognitive Neuroscience
Todd M. Preuss


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